Because of the bewildering variety of insect colours, artists and naturalists had difficulty describing and reproducing them with pigments. Some early modern scholars disapproved of using colours to depict insects in entomological illustrations. Other naturalists instead collaborated with artists to document the colours and shapes of insects.
Centuries later, this cooperation continues. Although irrelevant for the study of their anatomy, colour was significant for the identification of different species. However, artists and naturalists had different ways of tackling the problem of recording the appearances and names of the chromatic variety that exists in the insect world. Despite the variety of approaches and techniques used or proposed to record the colours of insects, this issue has not received the scholarly attention it deserves.
This workshop investigates the relationship between colours and insect images and aims to answer questions such as: Why in entomology, more than in any other discipline, were so many different approaches developed to address the problem of recording colours? Why did painters and scholars not agree on one unique method? To what extent did their subjectivity play a role in their choice of approach?
Speakers from several fields will discuss the topic of recording the colours of insects in art and natural history. They will touch on topics such as the significance of entomology in the development of colour standardization practices, new artistic techniques (such as lepidochromy) and optical theories.
Workshop Insects and Colours between Art and Natural History
Online, 29-30 November 2021
Day 1 | 29 Nov. 2021 | 14:00-18:45 (CET)
14:15-14:45 Introduction of the workshop
14:15-14:45 Giulia Simonini (she) & V.E. Mandrij (they): Opening Presentation: Translating Natural Colours of Insects
15:10-17:10 1st Panel: Depicting Insects & Colouring Practices; Panellist: Florike Egmond
15:15-15:35 Erma Hermens: Painting Insects in 17th-century Netherlands: Written Instruction and Practice
15:55-16:15 Giulia Simonini: Painting by Numbers and Entomology
16:35-16:55 Prof. Beth Tobin: Colouring Drawings of Insects at Home and Abroad
17:20-18:10 Final Panel 1: Colours of Insects; Panellist: Hanneke Grootenboer
17:25-17:45 Kay Etheridge: The Biology of Colour
Day 2 | 30 Nov. 2021 | 14:00-19:00 (CET)
14:05-15:25 2nd Panel: Entomologists and Colours; Panellist: Friedrich Steinle
14:10-14:30 Katharina Schmidt-Loske: Observation and Depiction – Maria Sibylla Merian’s Individual Style of Drawing Insects and Plants
14:50-15:10 Stefanie Jovanovic-Kruspel: The Somber & Opaque Colors of Butterflies – Schiffermüller and His Attempt of a Colour System
15:35-16:55 3rd Panel: Lepidochromy; Panellist: Karin Leonhard
15:40-16:00 V.E. Mandrij: Butterflies Truer-to-nature than Paintings’. Colours in Lepidochromy Technique
16:20-16:40 Grace Touzel: Lepidochromy at the Natural History Museum (London): Butterfly Wings as a Printing Medium
17:05-17:45 Final Panel 2: Colours of Insects; Panellist: Hossein Rajaei
17:10-17:30 Brian Ogilvie: Catching the Rainbow: Iridescent Insects Before Iridescence
18:00-19:00 Final Discussion with Dominik Hünniger